Nailing a Shallow Depth of Field Photo with Your Point-and-Shoot

First off, I’m not going to lie to you. Those photographs you love—those artsy ones with a small area in focus while everything else is a dreamy blur—are almost always but always the handiwork of DSLR cameras.

The effect, called bokeh, is created by using a shallow depth of field.

But you probably already know that, and maybe you’ve been trying for months on end to achieve it with your point-and-shoot by following the usual advice: use your lowest F-stop (that is, your widest aperture), a fast shutter speed, and some zoom.
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Photographing the Cute

Take Better Photos of Babies, Kittens, and Other Adorable Subjects

Cute things are among the hardest subjects for new photographers to shoot well. Sound strange? Believe me: A string of drying laundry, a broken bottle by the road, a rotting barn one gust shy of collapsing—these are easier to artfully photograph than an adorable hamster or puppy. It’s not just because inanimate things will sit still for you. It’s because people tend to think that cute (the subject) is enough to make for a great photograph. It isn’t: Continue reading

Photo-Planning Your Garden: The Simplest 52-Week Project Ever!

Some of the more fastidious gardeners I know sketch out little garden plans every spring or late winter. They know exactly what they’ve planted in the past and how well it went over. They know which plants got wilt, mold, or bug infestations in previous years, and when. They know where there was overcrowding or bald spots that need remedying, too.

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Nature’s Frames for Photography

You’ve heard me talk on this blog about leading lines and how you can use them to improve your compositions. In a nutshell, leading lines are just natural pathways in a composition that tell the viewer’s eye where to go. A leading line doesn’t have to be a straight line like a fence or a road (though these manage the job quite well). It’s just any strong trail in a composition that the eye naturally wants to follow:

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The blue sky, the edge of the clouds, the horizon—lots of lines leading the eye to the house. (Photo credit: Tom Kelly)

Sometimes it’s fun to use a more direct approach when you want to “tell” the viewer where to look, and you can downright demand attention be a given to a certain subject by using natural framing.

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No question here where the photographer wants you to look (Photo credit: Ryan Brenizer)

As you can see, natural framing is not just created by Mother Nature. In fact, “natural” is a bit of a misnomer. A natural frame is really anything in the foreground of your composition that forms a border around your subject—whether all the way around it or just some of the way.

Natural frames are everywhere. You can use topiary, doorways, archways, gaps within foliage, mirrors, tunnels, cave openings, and even keyholes! Whatever you use, just remember that the purpose is not just to force attention toward a subject. It’s also to convey depth.

The frame will always be in the foreground, and you can either have it in focus (with a narrow aperture) or blurred (with a larger aperture). Sometimes you don’t have to monkey with the aperture so much as monkey with the manual focus. Just remember that sometimes the frame itself is really the most interesting part of the composition.

Nothing that spectacular beyond the tunnel, but it looks good framed in the tunnel! (Photo credit: Don Shall)

Nothing that spectacular beyond the tunnel, but it looks good framed in the tunnel! (Photo credit: Don Shall)

Natural framing can look forced or be distracting if you’re not careful, so watch yourself and don’t overuse it. Also, nailing the proper depth of field can be tough with these shots. In other words, this is a skill that takes some trial and error. The nice thing is, you can start practicing right now.

Walk out into your yard, take a look around your office, venture down the road, and you’re sure to find natural frames everywhere. Give them a try, and don’t forget to share your images with us when you’ve mastered the technique!

Black and White Photography (It’s Not as Simple as Black and White!)

Shooting in black and white can force you to stretch your art muscles in new ways. When you subtract the color from an image, you subtract an element of drama and emotion. Black-and-white photography makes you look at the composition of your photograph more closely, reconsider your subject matter, find ways to evoke mood without the aid of color. But I’m not going to tell you to shoot in black and white today. What I am going to tell you is that I’m not a fan of the black-and-white setting on most digital cameras. The setting simply doesn’t create true black and white. Continue reading

Leaving the Nest: Photographing the Graduation Experience

Slate published a little piece of heart-tugging writing in from Rob Lowe this week. It’s about his son going off to college,and it’s gone viral. The writers over at Slate might take offense, but the piece made me think of Us magazine’s regular section called “Stars—They’re Just Like Us!” That’s where you’ll see gems like Orlando Bloom putting a bottle in a recycling bin, Jennifer Garner giving her child a piggyback ride, and Katherine Heigl pulling her own suitcase. As if we thought they lounged about ordering Oompa Loompas to do these ordinary things for them:


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Photographing Eyes: A Mother’s Day Gift She’ll Never Forget

Many moons ago, I met a photographer at a Seattle street festival who peddled portraits of eyes. Festival-goers were paying her $25 or $30 a pop to have her photograph their eyeballs in extreme close-up. There wasn’t so much as an eyelash in her photographs, just iris and pupil, and the images were simply gorgeous. She also did collage-style family portraits. By that, I mean collections showcasing whole families’ eyeballs. (One family even included their parrot’s eyeball in their collage!)

I hadn’t fully grasped before that day how breathtaking the human eye is. Each one had so much depth, color, and complexity. Don’t even get me started on the detail. Ever since, I’ve been captivated by any photograph that’s all about the eyes. They don’t even have to be in extreme close-up. Take, for example, this iconic cover from the June 1985 issue of National Geographic:

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Copyright: National Geographic

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